Kali is a Linux Debian distribution tailored to forensic investigations, computer security and penetration testing. Installing Kali in a virtual environment avoids any potential damage to the main operating system and files.
1. Download Oracle Virtual Box
Oracle Virtual Box is a free piece of software that facilitates the creation of virtual machines. Virtual Box can be installed on any Windows, Linux or Mac based systems.
You can download Oracle Virtual Box here.
2. Download Kali
Kali is open-source and comes bundled with a number of applications pre-installed that are widely used in the fields of computer forensics and security. There are many different versions that can be downloaded although the main Kali ISO image will fit the bill here.
You can download Kali here.
3. Install Kali as a Virtual Machine
- Open Oracle Virtual Machine and click the ‘New’ icon.
- Type a name, choose type as ‘Linux’ and version as Debian (32 or 64 bit).
- Enter the memory size (2048 or greater).
- Create a virtual hard drive and select the ‘VMDK (Virtual Machine Disk)’ option.
- Confirm ‘Dynamically Allocated’ and click ‘Split files of less than 2GB’.
- Confirm the file location and increase the size to around 50GB then click ‘Create’.
- Once the machine has been created, select the ‘Machine’ menu and choose ‘Settings’.
- Click on ‘Storage’ on the left hand side and click on ‘Empty’ under ‘Controller: IDE’.
- Click on the disc icon on the right and select the ‘Choose a virtual CD/DVD disk file’ option. Click OK to close.
Once the above is done, click Start to boot up the machine. You can choose to run Kali as a Live image or install the full OS onto the virtual machine.